We are happy to provide further information available.
|Business:||+49 2452 962 400|
|Industry:||+49 2452 962 777|
|End-consumers:||+49 2452 962 450|
Basic knowledge regarding humidity
In terms of humidity relative is everything
Whether in the office, the workshop or at home – an optimum room climate is a basic prerequisite for the well-being and health of the inhabitants.
If nothing else, an agreeable room climate also promotes productivity and can help to reduce sick leave.
Two factors are decisive for these climate conditions: room temperature and relative humidity.
As illustrated in the comfort chart below, we feel most comfortable at temperatures between 20 and 22 °C and a relative humidity of 40 to 60 %. Climate conditions beyond these values are perceived as unpleasant by most people.
Moreover, too high humidity levels can cause the most varied types of damage. Often, the first visible warning signs are damp articles of clothing, a musty smell and stained walls (mould stains) or sprouting potatoes in basements.
For example, did you know that mould can already form at 70 % humidity – and rust at just 60 %?
If it is not controlled, the humidity level in a room can fluctuate significantly and rarely reaches the ideal values on its own – and it additionally also depends on the season and climatic conditions outdoors.
Practical knowledge concerning dehumidifiers – summary of all chapters
Chapter 1: Basic knowledge regarding humidity – relative is everything
Chapter 2: Overview of dehumidification methods – condensation and desiccation
Chapter 2.1: Condenser dryers with compressor technology
Chapter 2.2: Condenser dryers with Peltier technology
Chapter 2.3: Desiccant dehumidifiers
Theory first, practice second
A basic knowledge of the subject of humidity is rather helpful for keeping your rooms ideally dry. The air cannot absorb an unlimited amount of water. There is a saturation limit, i.e. a maximum amount of water vapour that can be absorbed by the air in absolute terms. This is the absolute humidity, given in grams of water per cubic metre of air.
On that basis, the water vapour content that is actually dissolved in the air in relation to the water vapour quantity that the air could maximally absorb at the respective temperature is referred to as the “relative humidity” (RH).
This means that if the room air’s relative humidity amounts to 50 %, for instance, exactly half of the maximum amount of water possible for the current temperature is dissolved in the air.
It is just a matter of temperature
The water absorption capacity of the air therefore always depends on the prevailing temperature. The cooler the air, the less water it can absorb. This is illustrated in the following table on the basis of five temperature values.
Influence of the room temperature on the water absorption capacity of the room air
|Room temperature||25 °C||20 °C||15 °C||10 °C||5 °C|
Constant relative humidity
|Relative humidity||80 %||80 %||80 %||80 %||80 %|
|Water content of the room air||18.4 g/m³||13.8 g/m³||10.2 g/m³||7.5 g/m³||5.4 g/m³|
Constant water content
|Water content of the room air||5.4 g/m³||5.4 g/m³||5.4 g/m³||5.4 g/m³||5.4 g/m³|
|Relative humidity||23.5 %||31.3 %||42.1 %||57.5 %||80 %|
In example 1, the relative humidity remains 80 %, whereas the corresponding absolute water content in the air fluctuates considerably depending on the temperature.
In example 2, the amount of water contained in the air in absolute terms remains identical, which is why the relative humidity increases while the temperature drops.
We have to admit that this is quite a complex matter – and it becomes even more complicated in view of the fact that corrosion, rotting and mould formation are only promoted by the relative humidity, and never by the absolute water content of the air.
Only relative is absolutely relevant
So as demonstrated in example 2: at a room temperature of 5 °C and a water content of 5.4 g/m³ the relative humidity level would be 80 % – at which even metal corrodes – entailing the risk of mould formation, whereas the same water content at a room temperature of 25 °C leads to a relative humidity of only 23.5 %, which represents a much too dry room climate that irritates the respiratory system.
In this climate mould and rust would not stand a chance even though the room air still contains the same amount of water, namely 5.4 g/m³.
So all that matters is regulating the relative humidity level in a controlled manner. The absolute amount of moisture being withdrawn from the air is irrelevant; only the relative humidity level is important!
A basic understanding of these physical correlations is a crucial factor for implementing an effective dehumidification solution adapted to your application.